|James J. Bulger|
photograph taken in 1994
|FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives|
|Born||September 3, 1929 |
Dorchester, Massachusetts,United States
|Charges||Racketeering influenced and corrupt organizations (RICO):|
Murder (19 counts)
Conspiracy to commit murder
Conspiracy to commit extortion
Conspiracy to commit money laundering
|Parents||James Joseph Bulger, Sr., Jane Veronica Bulger|
|Siblings||William Bulger, John P. Bulger|
|Spouse||Teresa Stanley (common-law wife),|
Catherine Elizabeth Greig (mistress)
|Added||August 19, 1999|
|Currently A Top Ten Fugitive|
James Joseph Bulger, Jr. (born September 3, 1929, Dorchester, Massachusetts) — known as"Whitey" Bulger — is a fugitive and alleged leader of the Winter Hill Gang, an Irish-Americancrime family based in Boston, Massachusetts. He is the older brother of William Michael Bulger, a former President of the Massachusetts State Senate and the University of Massachusetts.
On August 19, 1999, Bulger became the 458th person added to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. He is currently wanted for racketeering (under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO)), murder, conspiracy to commit murder, extortion, conspiracy to commit extortion, money laundering, conspiracy to commit money laundering and narcotics distribution. In October 2007, Interpol released a "red notice" for Bulger.
Like thousands of Irish immigrants that sailed across the Atlantic, James Joseph Bulger, Sr., left the west of Ireland in the early 1900s. He made the journey to Boston, where he met and married an Irish girl called Jean McCarthy. Their first child, James Jr. was born in 1929.
James Bulger, Sr. was a standard laborer. He lost his arm in an industrial accident in the 1920s. The family descended into fairly abject poverty. The first public housing project in the United States was opened in South Boston in 1936. The Bulgers moved into it, and that's where James and his siblings grew up.
It was clear from an early age that James and his brother William, only four years younger, were very different. William excelled in his studies; James found an education on the streets. The memoirs of his brother, former Massachusetts State Senator William Bulger, describe "Jimmy" as a mischievous child fond of pranks.
James Bulger was first arrested in 1943, at the age of 14, for larceny. He then went on to be arrested for assault and battery and armed robbery. At this time, he was associated with a juvenile street gang known as the Shamrocks. Between 1943 and 1947, Bulger was arrested for larceny, forgery, assault and battery, and armed robbery. For all these crimes, he was sent to a juvenile reformatory from 1943 until 1948.
Shortly after release in April 1948, he joined the Air Force. After completing basic training, he was stationed at the Smoky Hill Air Force Base in Salina, Kansas, and later in Idaho. He spent time in the stockade for a number of assaults. In 1950, he was arrested for going absent without leave. On August 16, 1952, he received an honorable discharge and returned to Massachusetts.
On returning to Boston, Bulger soon resumed his criminal activities. In 1952, he was involved in the hijacking of a liquor truck. By 1955, he had joined a crew that robbed a string of banks inRhode Island and Indiana. In January 1956, a federal warrant was issued for his arrest. Bulger then went on the run, was arrested in March 1956 and sentenced to 25 years in prison in June of that year.
Bulger was first in federal custody at Atlanta Penitentiary (1956–59) for armed robbery and hijacking. There, according to Kevin Weeks, he was involved in the MK-ULTRA program, the goal of which was to research mind-control drugs for the Central Intelligence Agency, headed by CIA chemist Sidney Gottlieb. For eighteen months, Bulger and eighteen other inmates who had volunteered to lessen their sentences were given LSD and other drugs. As a result of the experiments, Bulger is said to have suffered from frequent insomnia and nightmares.
He was then transferred from Atlanta to Alcatraz Island, arriving at Alcatraz on November 2, 1959, as prisoner #AZ1428. He became a close friend of fellow inmate Clarence Carnes, alias "The Choctaw Kid." In November 1962, he was transferred to Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary (1962–63), and in the following year to Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary (1963–65). He was released after serving nine years in prison.